The base image of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS beats the lightness record in the offer of Canonical With a size of 28 megabytes

The information is from Dustin Kirkland – Product Manager at Canonical – who tweeted about it late last week. The base image of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS – the first beta of which was recently available – has a size of 28 megabytes on the amd64 architecture. Only Ubuntu 14.04 LTS does as well with a 29 megabyte installation archive for 32-bit PowerPCs.

The base image allows the creation of a minimal operating system environment on a given platform. It is generally intended for experts who want to customize the OS for specific purposes, for example, to support e-cards with limited resources compared to a PC-type computer. Canonical announced that Ubuntu 18.04 would have a minimal installation option. According to the company, it allows you to get rid of some pre-installed software through manipulation in the operating system’s desktop environment. It is not to be confused with the basic ISO image even if the objective also remains to get rid of some superfluity when necessary.

The briefing note by Dustin Kirkland leaves nothing to filter about the motives behind this quest for the “little one” as it relates to the basic picture. However, the use reserved for the latter makes it possible to provide a part of the answer. In the opinion of more sophisticated third parties, however, the maneuver is much more about repositioning Ubuntu as the default distribution for the Docker container manager.

In 2016, the founder of Docker announced the recruitment of the creator of Alpine Linux. Since then, it has been followed by the adoption of the OS as the default distribution for the images of the famous container manager. And for good reason, Alpine Linux is unique in the size of its base image; the Linux Embedded Appliance Framework (LEAF) fork rootfs does not exceed 8 megabytes. That of the current version (3.7.0) weighs 2 megabytes (compressed archive) on the x86_64 architecture. The ideal candidate to reduce the size of containers as explained by the brains behind Docker.

The Alpine community has been on the rise since this adoption. The development of the operating system – which uses the Linux kernel, the C musl library, BusyBox, LibreSSL and OpenRC – is supported by Docker. The other projects that rely on the OS continue to sprout even if we do not echo it too much. The free community is still looking for the open source smartphone that would free it from dependency on Android and others; PostmarketOS is an initiative that goes in this direction.

Canonical wants to make Ubuntu 18.04 faster at startup

Canonical’s Ubuntu Desktop manager, Will Cooke, recently released a newsletter that details further developments that should accompany the upcoming release of the Ubuntu Desktop version 18.04 LTS Linux distribution,¬†which is scheduled for official release April 26, 2018.

Recall that “Bionic Beaver” (Beaver Bionique) is the code name of this next version of Ubuntu and that it should benefit from long-term support. The development of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS that started on October 26, 2017 will follow the same pattern as its predecessors: a six-month development cycle with two alpha versions (in January and February 2018) and two beta versions to be released (in March and in April).

Various improvements would have been made in particular at the level of the theme, at the level of the design and at the level of the multimedia functionalities. They should, for example, improve the responsiveness of some Wayland applications to mouse clicks while correcting for bugs that affect them and give the user the ability to increase the volume above 100 %.

In addition to the various enhancements that should affect the GNOME desktop environment, Canonical’s Ubuntu Desktop development team is also looking at the boot speed of the Ubuntu Linux operating system. Canonical developers have planned to use the latest features of the systemd (system daemon) for profiling to identify issues that could slow down the startup of the OS.
Note that the systemd is an initialization system and a daemon that was specifically developed for the Linux kernel to replace the System V. It should provide a better framework for managing dependencies between services, allowing parallel loading services during startup and reduce calls to shell scripts.

“We have begun our investigation of boot speed and are using systemd features to do profiling, which will help us identify bottlenecks and get Bionic up and running as quickly as possible,” said Will Cooke. “We are working on moving the user session to the systemd,” he added.

A fix that allowed the udisks application to hide all virtual devices at the disk manager level and update the LibreOffice Snap component to version 5.4.4 of the office suite was also mentioned by Will Cooke.

Apart from the previously mentioned optimizations, the Canonical team in charge of Ubuntu Desktop development would have detected and corrected a problem that affected the NetworkManager Connectivity Checker package as well as a bug that caused the incorrect alignment of the NetworkManager connectivity checker. title of the windows. A new version of CUPS-Filters (version 1.19.0) that discusses determining the color space and color depth of the CUPS at the PPD generator level and fixes some bugs should also be included in Ubuntu Destop 18.04.

Recall that CUPS (common unix printing system) is an printing system developed by Apple for Mac OS X and UNIX . CUPS-Filters is a package required to use printer drivers with CUPS on Linux. CUPS-Filters provides backends, filters and other software included in the basic CUPS distribution, even if they are no longer managed by the Cupertino company, as well as filters and software developed independently of Apple.

Goobuntu – Google abandons Ubuntu-based Linux Distribution for Debian

For years, Google has used Goobuntu, a custom Linux distribution based on Ubuntu LTS (Long Term Support) versions. Google, however, was not a contributor to the Ubuntu project, but simply used distribution as a client for the Ubuntu Advantage program.

By the way, it should be noted that Ubuntu is available for free download and users can also get free support from the community. But for companies with production workloads, Canonical offers a suite of tools and services through its Ubuntu Advantage program to help them get the most out of their Ubuntu deployments.

Last August, during the DebConf 17 event, the Mountain View giant announced plans to abandon Ubuntu. For its in-house machines, Google will migrate from Goobuntu to gLinux, a distribution based on Debian Testing. Note that the Debian testing distribution contains packages that have not yet been accepted into the stable distribution but are waiting to be accepted. The main benefit of using this distribution is that it contains newer versions of the software.

Goobuntu glinux

The migration process from Goobuntu to gLinux has now begun. The exact reasons for dropping Ubuntu are not yet known, but it will allow Google to perform timely testing of packages and fix problems. The migration from Google to gLinux is also good news for the Debian project, as Google will contribute upstream to the project. But for Canonical, it’s certainly a big loss. Although Ubuntu has a large number of clients in the server and cloud arena, and remains one of the most popular Linux distributions on the PC market, Google is still a big payer.

source : itsfoss

Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Will Be Called Bionic Beaver

The release of the next version of the Linux distribution is scheduled for April 26, 2018

Ubuntu 17.10 came with a series of major changes, and especially the move to a new desktop environment and a new display server. In this release, users will be granted GNOME 3.26 as the default desktop environment instead of Unity, following Canonical’s decision to abandon the development of Unity 8. As a consequence of this decision, the Mir display, developed jointly with Unity 8 to replace X.Org, has also fallen. In Ubuntu 17.10, Wayland was delivered by default.

Other changes include the upgrade to version 4.13 of the Linux kernel. There will also be no 32-bit ISO image for Ubuntu Desktop, which will make new installations of Ubuntu Desktop 32-bit impossible. Along with that, there are also the usual incremental improvements, with newer versions of GTK and Qt, and updates to major packages like Firefox and LibreOffice.

In short, this is an important update for which the CEO of Canonical wanted to congratulate the developers who have done all this work, through a blog post. As usual, Mark Shuttleworth also took the opportunity to reveal the code name of the next version of Ubuntu, which will have long-term support.
For the code name of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, Canonical’s CEO chose “Bionic Beaver” which could literally be translated as “Bionic Beaver”. Beaver is a rodent and bionic is an adjective that refers to having members or parts of one’s body that are artificial, and particularly electromechanical. The beaver was chosen for “his energetic attitude, his industrious nature and his technical prowess” and the bionic adjective was chosen “in honor of the robots running on Ubuntu Core,” says Mark Shuttleworth.

For those who wonder about these choices, it should be noted that they only follow the logic behind the code names of the different versions of Ubuntu. This logic consists in choosing two words starting with the same letter and respecting the alphabetical order from one version to another. The first word of the code name must be an adjective and the second is usually the name of an animal. The version number, meanwhile, indicates the year (the first two digits) and the month (the last two digits) of the release date, knowing that there is an interval of 6 months between each version. Thus, after 16.04 Xenial Xerus, 16.10 Yakkety Yak, 17.04 Zesty Zapus and 17.10 Artful Aardvark, one had to switch to a code name consisting of two words beginning with the second letter of the alphabet, such as Bionic Beaver.

Mark Shuttleworth did not reveal Canonical’s plans for Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, but it looks like his team will be working particularly on the Ubuntu Core system for IoT devices and improving the GNOME experience, among others.

It should also be noted that the publication schedule has been unveiled. The development begins on October 26, and Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver will follow the same pattern as its predecessors: a six-month development cycle with two Alpha versions and two Beta releases to be released.

According to the publication schedule, the first Alpha is expected on January 4, 2018 and the second should arrive on February 1st. Starting in March, things will be faster. On March 1st, the development team will stop adding new features (features, packages, APIs) and will focus on bug fixes to release the first Beta on March 8th. The last Beta will follow April 5 before the release candidate and the final version respectively on April 19 and 26, 2018.